Sustainability in fisheries is one of the most demanded measures by international organizations, and also by the sector itself, which must face the consequences of climate change on fisheries resources, in addition to other problems such as overfishing fueled by illegal fishing or traceability difficulties. Therefore, the World Fishing Day is the date chosen to value, among other things, sustainable fishing.
More and more institutions - and consumers - demand a consumption of fish and shellfish from sustainable production systems. But, in more concrete terms, what are the advantages of sustainable fisheries?
It Is An Economic Driver
According to data from the European Commission, the blue economy, or Blue Growth, represents 5.4 million jobs and a gross added value of almost 500,000 million euros a year "only in Europe." Through this practice, the EU contemplates a "smart, sustainable and inclusive growth" within the framework of the 2020 Strategy.
In global terms, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), sustainable fisheries will not only contribute to greater food security around the world, but also to "the economies and well-being of coastal communities", that depend mainly on fishing.
It Guarantees The Job Of Millions Of People
FAO highlights the importance of fisheries resources from a social point of view, with an eye on inland fisheries and the eradication of poverty.
"Fishing provides employment for 90% of the people employed in capture fisheries," says FAO in the report The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016, which concludes that "decent work in the fisheries and aquaculture sector it is an important part of FAO's strategic approach to the sector. "
CONXEMAR, as an entity committed to sustainability in the fishing sector, has an agreement with FAO. In the framework of the CONXEMAR 2017 Exhibition, both organisations held a session on decent work in the fishing sector.
It was attended by the FAO Assistant Director-General for Fisheries, Arni Mathiesen, the Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the FAO, Monsignor Fernando Chica Arellano, and the Secretary General of Fisheries of Spain, Alberto López-Asenjo.
— Conxemar (@ConxemarOficial) 3 de octubre de 2017
It Is Respectful With The Environment
The consumption of seafood products has an important demand around the world. Therefore, the preservation of resources and the care of the environment must be a maxim in the sector to ensure the sustainability of fishing activity.
This is stated in the Global Initiative for Sustainable Fishery Products (GSSI), which has developed the Global Reference Tool for fishery product certification programs.
Through its Fisheries Products Certification Program, GSSI intends that, by 2020, "30% of the catch / production of fishery products (in tonnes per year of raw fish / shellfish) will be certified by a program recognized by GSSI".
According to FAO, the fight against illegal fishing is essential to maintain the objectives of balancing fishing resources.
Thus, GSSI, of which CONXEMAR is a partner, provides recognition to fish product certification programs in accordance with the FAO Guidelines.
On the other hand, the initiative of blue growth of the European Commission seeks to support "the sustainable management of living aquatic resources" and, at the same time "balance the use and conservation of them in a responsible way from an economic, social and environmental point of view".
It Contributes To Better Nutrition And Food Safety
FAO subraya la importancia de los recursos pesqueros, la pesca y la acuicultura por su contribución “de forma destacada a la seguridad alimentaria y la nutrición adecuada de una población mundial, que se prevé alcance los 9.700 millones de habitantes en 2050”. Por eso es importante que el nivel de recursos no se resienta.
Así se indica en el informe, donde el organismo hace especial hincapié en las comunidades costeras.
Durante la segunda Conferencia Internacional sobre Nutrición (CIN2), que tuvo lugar en Roma en noviembre de 2014, se señaló la importancia de los productos del mar como fuente fundamental de nutrición y salud para numerosas comunidades costeras “que dependen de las proteínas y micronutrientes esenciales que aportan, en particular para las mujeres en edad fértil y los niños pequeños”.
Con todo, la pesca sostenible gana cada vez más adeptos y no hace falta formar parte de organizaciones o gobiernos para promoverla. De hecho, cada vez son más los establecimientos de distribución que apuestan por los productos pesqueros con garantía de sostenibilidad. Así que, como consumidor, ¡tú también puedes apoyar la pesca sostenible!
FAO highlights the importance of fishery resources, fisheries and aquaculture for its contribution "in a prominent way to the food security and adequate nutrition of a world population, which is expected to reach 9.7 billion inhabitants in 2050". That is why it is important that the level of resources does not suffer. In the report, FAO emphasises the coastal communities.
During the Second International Conference on Nutrition (CIN2), that took place in Rome in November 2014, the importance of seafood as a fundamental source of nutrition and health for many coastal communities "that depend on essential proteins and micronutrients, particularly for women of childbearing age and young children. "
Sustainable fishing is gaining more and more followers and it is not necessary to be part of organizations or governments to promote it. In fact, more and more distribution centers are betting on seafood products with a guarantee of sustainability. So, as a consumer, you can also support sustainable fisheries!