Fish and shellfish are great allies for a balanced and healthy diet. But what if we add that they help prevent and control diseases such as diabetes? Today, on World Diabetes Day, we review the five benefits of fish and seafood for the health of diabetics.
It Helps To Control Glucose
Controlling blood glucose is crucial for people with diabetes. Fish and shellfish, in addition to having low levels of fat, can help keep glucose levels at bay. Of course, provided they are consumed within the framework of a proper diet, as well as in reasonable quantities (to control them, it is advisable to take a look at the dish method, recommended by the American Diabetes Association).
It Reduces Cardiovascular Risk
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), adults with diabetes have a 2 to 3 times higher risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. Sources of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) indicate that 80% of people with diabetes die from cardiovascular disease, a risk that could be avoided with a free diet of so-called "bad" fats.
This is where the blue fish plays a very important role, since its high content of Omega-3 helps to lower the levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in blood, in addition to improving the sensitivity to insulin.
It Provides A Wide Variety Of Proteins
Protein is essential in a balanced diet, and diets are often recommended to balance a lower intake of carbohydrates. Also in the case of diabetics. Although it must also be consumed in small quantities, there is a wide variety of fish to incorporate into the diet without making the meals monotonous, such as tuna, mackerel, salmon, horse mackerel or swordfish.
It Contributes To Reduce Risks In Pregnancy
This year's World Diabetes Day is also dedicated to women, a group that has greater exposure to the impact of glucose, for example, during pregnancy. In gestational diabetes, in which both the mother and the fetus are at increased risk, glucose levels tend to get out of control.
Fish is a food that helps reduce blood sugar levels and stabilize insulin levels. On the other hand, fish and shellfish are a contribution of iron, calcium and folic acid, fundamental for the correct fetal development, but also before and after pregnancy.
It Decreases Nerve Involvement Of Diabetes Mellitus
Fish oil has been used since ancient times to reduce the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, such as tingling and numbness of the extremities. Today we know that fish provides essential nutrients to prevent nerve involvement in this disease, as the most active biomolecule of vitamin B12, phosphorus and vitamin D, as demonstrated by a recent study from the VA Medical Center in Iowa City.
It should not be forgotten that the WHO recommendation, in addition to following a healthy diet, emphasizes the practice of regular physical activity, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding smoking to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.